Nouns

February 28, 2018

A noun is a word used to identify a person, place, thing, or idea. In Spanish, nouns have gender, feminine or masculine. Also, they have number, singular or plural.

 

Masculine nouns                                                                  Femenine nouns

 

Ending in “o”:  el abuelo                                                        Ending in “a”:  la abuela

                           el número                                                                                 la computadora

 

Ending in “or”:  el profesor                                                   Ending in “ora”: la profesora

 

Ending in “ista”:  el pianista                                                  Ending in “ista”:  la pianista

 

Ending in “ma”: el problema                                                Ending in “ción”:  la canción

 

Ending in “s”: el país                                                             Ending in “dad”:  la universidad

 

 

There are some exceptions to the rules of gender:

  • la mano, ending in “o”, but it is feminine

  • el mapa, ending in “a”, but it is masculine

 

 

Plural of nouns

 

If a noun ends in a vowel:  add “s”: el abuelo – los abuelos

If a noun ends in a consonant add “es”: el lápiz – los lápices

 

When the plural refers to two or more nouns of different genders, use the masculine plural form:

 

    3 niños         +       4 niñas       =           7 niños

(masculine)     +    (femenine)   =   (Masculine plural)

 

References:

 

  1. http://StudySpanish.com/grammar/lessons/genoun1

  2. http://StudySpanish.com/grammar/lessons/genoun2

  3. José A. Blanco. (2012). Vistas:  Introducción a la Lengua Española. Boston Massachusetts: Vista Higher Learning

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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