February 28, 2018

A noun is a word used to identify a person, place, thing, or idea. In Spanish, nouns have gender, feminine or masculine. Also, they have number, singular or plural.


Masculine nouns                                                                  Femenine nouns


Ending in “o”:  el abuelo                                                        Ending in “a”:  la abuela

                           el número                                                                                 la computadora


Ending in “or”:  el profesor                                                   Ending in “ora”: la profesora


Ending in “ista”:  el pianista                                                  Ending in “ista”:  la pianista


Ending in “ma”: el problema                                                Ending in “ción”:  la canción


Ending in “s”: el país                                                             Ending in “dad”:  la universidad



There are some exceptions to the rules of gender:

  • la mano, ending in “o”, but it is feminine

  • el mapa, ending in “a”, but it is masculine



Plural of nouns


If a noun ends in a vowel:  add “s”: el abuelo – los abuelos

If a noun ends in a consonant add “es”: el lápiz – los lápices


When the plural refers to two or more nouns of different genders, use the masculine plural form:


    3 niños         +       4 niñas       =           7 niños

(masculine)     +    (femenine)   =   (Masculine plural)






  3. José A. Blanco. (2012). Vistas:  Introducción a la Lengua Española. Boston Massachusetts: Vista Higher Learning










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